Locative Media are media of communication bound to a location. They are digital media applied to real places and thus triggering real social interactions. While mobile technologies such as the Global Positioning System (GPS), laptop computers and mobile phones enable locative media, they are not the goal for the development of projects in this field.
Location-based media (LBM) delivers multimedia directly to the user of a mobile device dependent upon their location. The media can be delivered to, or triggered within any portable wireless device that is GPS enabled and has the capacity to display audiovisual content. The term was jointly coined at the 2004 Consumer Electronics Show by Tom Brammar, the then Chief Executive of Node, and Martin Hill an original founder of Symbian, and wireless pioneer.
Location-based services (LBS) (or LoCation Services, LCS) are services developed and distributed by wireless carriers and their partners which provide information specific to a location. The advantage is that mobile users don’t have to manually specify ZIP codes or other location identifiers to use location-based services.